Andrew Friend image
College positions
Fellow and Director of Studies
University positions
Professor of Earth Systems Science
Email Address


Andrew Friend's research interests concern controls on terrestrial vegetation type, structure, and productivity over a wide range of time and space scales and the effects of vegetation on atmospheric processes through land surface energy partitioning and carbon fluxes.

He develops numerical models in order to test our understanding of processes through the ability of these models to faithfully simulate real-world phenomena, as well as address concerns regarding the effects of global change on terrestrial ecosystems and potential future atmospheric feedbacks.

He continues to develop an individual-based model of vegetation dynamics, HYBRID, with the aim of producing processed-based representations of land surface processes for coupling to global-scale atmospheric models.

His current work is particularly concerned with the representation of individual plant growth, physiological differences between plant types and species, the representation of competition, and the global-scale dynamics of biogeochemistry-climate interactions.

Department webpage